Art and dreams collide in the Surrealist Movement.
The Surrealists sought to channel the unconscious as a means to unlock the power of the imagination. Disdaining rationalism and literary realism, and powerfully influenced by psychoanalysis, the Surrealists believed the rational mind repressed the power of the imagination, weighting it down with taboos. Influenced also by Karl Marx, they hoped that the psyche had the power to reveal the contradictions in the everyday world and spur on revolution. Their emphasis on the power of personal imagination puts them in the tradition of Romanticism, but unlike their forebears, they believed that revelations could be found on the street and in everyday life. The Surrealist impulse to tap the unconscious mind, and their interests in myth and primitivism, went on to shape many later movements, and the style remains influential to this today.
Surrealist imagery is probably the most recognizable element of the movement, yet it is also the most elusive to categorize and define. Each artist relied on their own recurring motifs arisen through their dreams or/and unconscious mind. At its basic, the imagery is outlandish, perplexing, and even uncanny, as it is meant to jolt the viewer out of their comforting assumptions. Nature, however, is the most frequent imagery: Max Ernst was obsessed with birds and had a bird alter ego, Salvador Dalí’s works often include ants or eggs, and Joan Miró relied strongly on vague biomorphic imagery.
Futurism is one of the most politically charged movements in modern art:
Today we’re going to learn a bit more about Pablo Picasso
We’re starting with the Impressionists. Here’s a quick video to give you an idea of who we’ll be learning about.
This week we’re going to try our hand at watercolors. Watch this tutorial in preparation for class!
This week we are working on abstracts. We’re going to use some rubbing alcohol to aid our efforts.
Check out this technique video on how to use oil pastels:
Let’s look at creating this abstract piece with the rule of three
Roy Lichtenstein and Pop Art. Once called “possibly the worst artist in the US,” is now one of the more iconic.